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Eliminating Bed Bugs In Your Home

Eliminating bed bugs are usually linked to any lousy housekeeping and cleanliness but interestingly, such unpleasant little pests may also be discovered in pricey hotels and well-maintained elegant houses. Sure, anyone’s residence may be infested. You’ll find a whole lot of products that are accessible in getting rid of bed bugs and a part of this concern is how you can do it safely, of course you don’t wish to breathe in such substances but it’s excellent to know that most of the sprays we have are 100% non-toxic.

Prior to you employ a pesticide or perhaps an insecticide, ensure you’ve got already organized the area by sweeping, vacuuming and steam cleaning carpets and furniture extensively. Concentrate on your bedroom and use a flashlight to recognize them quickly. Order a spray or even a powder which is particularly developed to fight bed bugs. A few goods that are accessible in the market today could even be sprayed on mattresses. Look at the labels and instructions before you spray or dust the infested area. If you are not certain although, call the manufacturer.

If you would like to fully throw away such pests for good, it’s not good enough that you spray areas regularly. It’s a must to be sure that you live in a clean environment, this can be quite successful in eliminating bed bugs permanently.

Eradicate all trash and clutter not just within the bedroom yet within the entire house also. This will decrease the bugs’ hiding spots. Clean hard surfaces like furniture, inside drawers, window casings and bathrooms regularly. In the event you notice any cracks within the walls or woodwork especially within your bed frame, remember that these are prospective points of entry and hiding places. Make some maintenance as necessary.

Should you travel a lot, go ahead and take necessary actions so you are able to eliminating bed bugs from hotels. Have some homemade repellent sachets with you all the time. You can put them under the mattress or perhaps the pockets of your clothes to keep bugs away. Finally, do not buy used furniture or mattress unless you are completely sure that no pests reside in it.

Legionnaires? Disease Outbreaks from Hospital Drinking Water Preventable with Disinfection, New Study Gives Evaluation Criteria to Control Legionella

Legionnaires’ Disease Outbreaks from Hospital Drinking Water Preventable with Disinfection, New Study Gives Evaluation Criteria to Control Legionella

Pittsburgh, PA (PRWEB) February 27, 2011

Legionnaires’ disease outbreaks, caused by Legionella in hospital drinking water, can be prevented using the right disinfection methods. Too often hospitals make treatment decisions on marketing claims not science. A research review paper, “Controlling Legionella in Hospital Drinking Water: An Evidence-Based Review of Disinfection Methods,” published in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, gives decision makers standard criteria to evaluate and choose the most effective Legionella disinfection methods for their facilities.

Legionella experts and authors Yusen E. Lin, PhD, MBA, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Janet E. Stout, PhD, director of Special Pathogens Laboratory ( and University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering; and Victor L. Yu, MD, University of Pittsburgh, rate the efficacy of systemic disinfection, focal disinfection, and short-term disinfection methods used in outbreak situations. They offer a four-step approach to assist hospitals in choosing the most effective method.

Choosing the right method or combination of methods reduces the risk of patients contracting Legionnaires’ disease. Stout and her colleagues strongly recommend that infection control practitioners lead the environment of care team in choosing the best disinfection methodology. They also advocate for scheduled routine monitoring through culturing to ensure safe water.

“Hospitals relying on facilities managers and vendors in selecting a disinfection method may not be basing their decisions on evidence-based research. Our paper shows that some disinfection methods work better than others,” says Dr. Stout, who along with Dr. Yu discovered the link between Legionella pneumophila in hospital drinking water and hospital-acquired Legionnaires’ Disease in 1982 (

Common Legionella disinfection methods include: copper-silver ionization, chlorine dioxide, monochloramine, ultraviolet light, and hyperchlorination, (systemic disinfection); point-of-use filtration, (focal disinfection); superheat-and-flush with or without hyperchlorination (short-term disinfection methods in outbreak situations).

Hyperchlorination or heat and flush are often used during an outbreak, but are the least effective. Copper-silver ionization has fulfilled the four-step criteria for demonstrating efficacy.

The author’s four-step evaluation process of disinfection systems includes ensuring the technology kills Legionella. This step is followed by a review of anecdotal experience for controlling Legionella contamination in hospitals, followed by literature review of peer-reviewed and published reports of controlled studies of years of efficacy for hospital-acquired Legionnaires’ disease. Finally, to confirm with multiple hospitals that disinfection methods worked.

“We hope this review will assist hospitals in choosing a method that is safe, efficient and cost-effective,” says Stout.

Special Pathogens Laboratory ®

Special Pathogens Laboratory, The Legionella Experts,® is the leading analytical microbiology laboratory offering the healthcare industry, water treatment industry, and commercial and industrial sectors reliable, high-quality microbiology services. An accredited laboratory and ELITE certified by the CDC for expertise in Legionella testing, SPL® specializes in the detection, control, and disinfection of Legionella, and other waterborne microorganisms, responsible for serious infections, including thousands of hospital-acquired infections annually.

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